国内换源加速.

Arch or manjaro : pacman

启用中国源

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sudo pacman-mirrors -c China

添加archlinuxcn源

archlinuxcn源至您的 /etc/pacman.conf

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[archlinuxcn]
#The Chinese Arch Linux communities packages.
SigLevel = Optional TrustAll
Server = https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/archlinuxcn/$arch

ubuntu

1.备份原来的源

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sudo cp /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources_init.list

将以前的源备份一下,以防以后可以用的。

2.更换源

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sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list

使用gedit打开文档,将下边的阿里源复制进去,然后点击保存关闭。

阿里源

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deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial main
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial main

deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-updates main
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-updates main

deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial universe
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial universe
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-updates universe
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-updates universe

deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-security main
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-security main
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-security universe
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-security universe

3.更新

更新源

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sudo apt-get update

复损坏的软件包,尝试卸载出错的包,重新安装正确版本的。

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sudo apt-get -f install

更新软件

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sudo apt-get upgrade

4.其他常用源

西电源(只有校内网网线使用,但是不限制流量,还是十分靠谱的)

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deb http://linux.xidian.edu.cn/mirrors/ubuntu/ xenial main restricted universe multiverse
#deb-src http://linux.xidian.edu.cn/mirrors/ubuntu/ xenial main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://linux.xidian.edu.cn/mirrors/ubuntu/ xenial-security main restricted universe multiverse
#deb-src http://linux.xidian.edu.cn/mirrors/ubuntu/ xenial-security main restricted universe multiverse

deb http://linux.xidian.edu.cn/mirrors/ubuntu/ xenial-updates main restricted universe multiverse
#deb-src http://linux.xidian.edu.cn/mirrors/ubuntu/ xenial-updates main restricted universe multiverse

#deb http://linux.xidian.edu.cn/mirrors/ubuntu/ xenial-backports main restricted universe multiverse
#deb-src http://linux.xidian.edu.cn/mirrors/ubuntu/ xenial-backports main restricted universe multiverse

#deb http://linux.xidian.edu.cn/mirrors/ubuntu/ xenial-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
#deb-src http://linux.xidian.edu.cn/mirrors/ubuntu/ xenial-proposed main restricted universe multiverse

清华源

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deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial main restricted universe multiverse

# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial main restricted universe multiverse

deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-updates main restricted universe multiverse

# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-updates main restricted universe multiverse

deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-backports main restricted universe multiverse

# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-backports main restricted universe multiverse

deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-security main restricted universe multiverse

# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-security main restricted universe multiverse

网易源

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deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ wily main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ wily-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ wily-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ wily-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ wily-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ wily main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ wily-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ wily-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ wily-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ wily-backports main restricted universe multiverse

git

pip

pip国内的一些镜像

修改源方法:

临时使用:
可以在使用pip的时候在后面加上-i参数,指定pip源
eg: pip install scrapy -i https://pypi.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/simple

永久修改:
linux:
修改 ~/.pip/pip.conf (没有就创建一个), 内容如下:

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[global]
index-url = https://pypi.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/simple

ruby

https://ruby.taobao.org/

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$ gem sources --add https://gems.ruby-china.org/ --remove https://rubygems.org/
$ gem sources -l
*** CURRENT SOURCES ***

https://gems.ruby-china.org
# 请确保只有 gems.ruby-china.org
$ gem install rails

docker

镜像加速

鉴于国内网络问题,后续拉取 Docker 镜像十分缓慢,我们可以需要配置加速器来解决,我使用的是阿里云的镜像加速器: https://oj7znbfj.mirror.aliyuncs.com

新版的 Docker 使用 /etc/docker/daemon.json(Linux) 或者 %programdata%\docker\config\daemon.json(Windows) 来配置 Daemon

请在该配置文件中加入(没有该文件的话,请先建一个):

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{
"registry-mirrors": ["https://oj7znbfj.mirror.aliyuncs.com"]
}

npm

安装node.js后,现在的node.js已经自带了npm工具了,但是国外的源很慢,为了解决这个问题,同时使用cnpm替换npm,我们通过切换源,切换到国内淘宝的源中。下面是我的操作过程。简单记录便于以后自己查看。

  1. 查看npm版本

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    npm -v
  2. 升级npm版本

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    npm update
  3. 查看npm配置

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    npm config list
  4. 更换源配置

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    npm config set registry https://registry.npm.taobao.org
    npm config list / npm config get registery #检查是否替换成功
  5. 安装cnpm插件

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    npm install -g cnpm --registry=https://registry.npm.taobao.org
    cnpm -v
  6. 安装包测试

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